Drum pedals are essential elements in the composition of a drum set.
Operated by the foot, there are several of them with very particular uses and functionalities.
The bass drum pedal
The bass drum pedal is the most iconic pedal in the drum kit.
It is a mechanism that works on a "back and forth" principle, thanks to a spring that returns the drum pedal to its initial position after hitting the bass drum head.
Anatomy of the bass drum pedal
- The bat: this is the hammer-like element that strikes the drumhead when the pedal is operated
- The spring: this is the mechanism that causes the bat to move back to its initial point. It can be tightened or loosened, depending on the user
- The sole : it is the surface where the foot is placed
- The transmission: it can be done by simple or double chain, which by the means of the movement pulls the bat forward; by belt; but also by a direct transmission bar for a faster response
- The cams: these are parts that make the link between the drive system and the bat (interchangeable on some models), which determine the angle of movement of the bat
The double bass drum pedal
The double bass drum pedal works on the same principle as the single bass drum pedal, but with both feet.
The pedals are connected to each other by a transmission bar so that the left pedal operates the movement of the extra bass drum bat.
It is also possible to play with two bass drums, with one pedal per bass drum.
The double pedal is generally used for fast bass drum patterns: it is a technique particularly used in Metal music.
The hi-hat pedal
The Charleston pedal is different from the bass drum pedals.
It allows to activate a stand, driving a mechanism allowing to open and close the Charleston cymbals.
It is also possible to mark the tempo by having the cymbals collide.